This site also serves as a vehicle to present my paper on Our Lady of Tepeyac (Guadalupe as she is universally known). View it in the brochure links below.
The Mexican dance repertoire includes, pre-Columbian and pre-Cortez, religious dancing to honor the pantheon of gods. One is Tonantzin (Our Sacred mother . . . Venerable Mother . . . Earth Mother).
Her temple at the hill of Tepeyac was destroyed by the Spaniards. When Mary appeared to Saint Juan Diego and his uncle Juan Bernardino, a church was built at the site and the natives adopted her as the new Tonantzin because one of the things she told Saint Juan Diego was "Am I not your mother?"
But the Spaniards, through a misinterpretation of Juan Bernardino's account of Mary's apperition, called her Guadalupe after their Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. However many of the indigenous still refer to Mary as Tonantzin or Tequantlaxopeuh. This picture is one of several versions of Tonantzin.
This is what Mary actually looked like on Saint Juan Diego's ayate blanket.
And her image appeared horizontally because it is too tall to have appeared verically on the ayate.
This is explained in the paper.
Open each brochure then click on "Download PDF" to enlarge the text.
There are 3, 3 and 4 pages respectively in each brochure for a total of 10 pages.